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The microscope is used to magnify things that cannot be seen with the naked eye, and many people, including young and old, need a microscope, but the problem is that the microscope is expensive, and many people cannot buy it, so some are looking for ways to make a microscope at home, and in In this article, we will review a set of easy-to-apply steps through which a microscope can be made at home, and what distinguishes these methods is that they are simple, and can be applied easily.

Microscope making steps

A microscope can be made for use in seeing distant objects easily, by following these steps:

  1. Searching for two tubes of different diameters, in order to be able to insert a tube into the other, i.e. inserting the small tube into the large tube, and it is preferable that these tubes are made of a cohesive material such as polyvinyl chloride, which is a cohesive plastic material suitable for making a microscope, and it is important that the length of These tubes are suitable ie they are approximately 2.5 cm in length.
  2. Tie the sides of the tube with black paper, this helps absorb excess light, and it is worth noting that black paper is not necessary when using a thick, opaque material such as PVC.
  3. Bring magnifying glasses to be placed inside both the small and large tubes in proportion to the objects to be magnified; It is possible to buy lenses with a short focal length, but you should pay attention that the diameter of this lens is proportional to the diameter of the tube to be installed inside it, and the lens can be fixed inside the tube using glue, and you should pay attention not to put large amounts of glue inside the lens because this affects vision .
  4. Putting the small tube inside the big one, so we have two tubes inside each magnifying glass tube, and this helps to see things more clearly, and as we mentioned earlier, we should pay attention from the beginning to the possibility of inserting the tube into the other.
  5. Bring a rubber cover to cover the lenses in it, but you must pay attention that this cover does not cover the center of the lens, and that it is proportional to the diameter of the tube of the lens, and it can be obtained from the places that sell lenses.

Steps for making a base for a microscope

A base for the microscope can be made by following these steps:

  • Bring a square base made of wood or plastic, and it can be cut using a hacksaw so that the length of the side of the square is 10 cm, and the thickness of the base is 1.9 cm.
  • vertical stand work; This is to hold the microscope tube from the top, and its height is 1.3 cm. After that, the holder must be fixed to the square base, and attention must be paid to fixing it well so that the microscope tube does not fall after it is installed on it.
  • Place the microscope tube made by following the steps on top on the stand with adhesive straps, and care must be taken to fix it well so that it does not fall.
  • Placing the sample to be viewed using the microscope on the square base, and attention should be paid to placing the sample on a slide, so as not to be damaged, or exposed to the accumulation of pollutants on it.

Making a microscope for children

Many people do not classify this type of microscope as a microscope because it contains simple materials, and does not contain the components of a microscope, but through this type of microscope it is possible to teach children a lot of concepts, and to make a microscope for children we need:

  • Materials needed
  • plastic cup.
  • Rubber band.
  • A cover to cover the cup from the top.
  • scissors.
  • water.
  • Some samples to be enlarged.

Work steps

After preparing the above-mentioned tools, which are simple and easily obtainable at home, the following steps can be followed:

  • Making a small hole in the bottom of the plastic cup using scissors, in order to insert the different samples through it, so there are no conditions for making this hole; Because it is only meant to get the samples into the cup.
  • Start by wrapping the cup with a transparent cover, and then fix the transparent cover by wrapping a rubber band around it. It is worth noting that in the absence of a transparent cover at home, a plastic bag can be used and cut into square pieces to wrap the cup with.
  • Place a sample inside the beaker in the hole made.
  • Put a little water on the plastic cover that is installed above the cup, as the water acts as a lens to magnify things, and thus can be used to see small things, and children will be happy when using this kind of useful games, which include a lot of educational matters.


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